Brighter than the sun

Invention of light bulb made our days longer. It made our days never-ending. We stay work or actif before sunrise and after sunset. Light is often a synonym of safety and progress, as darkness is compared to ignorance.

In the beginning of XX century, Russian futurist mixed graphics arts, music and literature to set up a new opera : Victory over the sun1 . Malevich’ Black Square was used as background in scenography. This painting is considered as spiritual, not only because the square is a geometrical monochrome. Artist, as a lot of his time, was inspired by theory of four-dimensional space. Victory over the sun feature a rupture with romantic view of nature and promote a future and new technology. It reflect a patriarchal and military visions: “If you beat the stronger, you’re the strongest”. The desire to represent our “ideals” strongest than the sun is not something new. For example Augustin Calmet2 wrote what “[…] God’s eyes [… ] are brighter than the sun […]” and see everything from the Most High. Christians condemned pagan rituals of the sun to promote their own new religion strongest than the sun. It remind me the “power-over” defined by a feminist and anti-nuclear activist Starhawk3 as a power of domination, in opposition with “power-within”, or “power-with”. The 6th of August 1945 an atomic bomb was drop on Hiroshima. “Ten thousand sun, they will say” – say woman in dramatic film Hiroshima Mon Amour written by Marguerite Duras.

Notes :
Victory over the sun is a first Russian futurist opera featured in 1913.Victory over the sun

Commentaire littéral sur tous les livres de l’Ancien et du Nouveau Testament
Par Augustin Calmet

Starhawk, Truth or Dare Encounters with Power, Authority, and Mystery by Starhawk, San Francisco, HarperSanFrancisco, 1988).

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